X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry is a powerful tool for non-destructive element mapping of tissues and other biological matrices, such as in plants and insects, as well as engineered biomaterials.
Latest developments make XRF suitable for the quantification of inorganic materials in clinical diagnostics, general medicine, orthopedics and implantology, pharmaceutical chemistry, biology and nanotoxicology.
The M4 TORNADO Micro-XRF spectrometer offers extremely sensitive spatially resolved elemental distribution analysis from Na to U, while the M4 TORNADOPLUS extends the element range from C to Am. Both offer detection limits down to ppm, particularly for transition metals. The high-speed, "on-the-fly" mapping, with flexible analysis conditions, makes these spectrometers not only fast, but also able to quickly measure high detail, high quality spectral images. One of the major benefits is that no sample preparation is required.
The M4 TORNADO and M4 TORNADOPLUS are ideally suited as pre-screening devices on large areas to allocate sections of interest where more complex methods like LA-ICP-MS shall be applied.