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Mechanical Testing

Lubricants Testing

Standard and customized tests to accurately characterize wear on a part and the efficiency of lubricants

Evaluating Lubricity and Tribological Properties of Lubricants and Additives

Lubricants and additives play a significant role in many industries. Their performance is critical to the speed, reliability, and life of nearly every type of machinery. To design lubricant formulations that deliver the best results, lubricity and tribology tests must replicate extreme pressures and real-world conditions.

Using the right lubricant formula can reduce the friction and wear between surfaces. Many industries have defined standards and test methods to characterize lubricity quality. For example, brakes, clutches, and engines are all tested for properties in accordance with ASTM, DIN, JIS, ISO and other standards.

Why invest in an in-house solution?

Many manufacturers rely on expensive, and time-intensive contract testing services to evaluate and research new lubricants. As an alternative, Bruker's UMT TriboLab benchtop tester performs multiple tests for perfecting chemistry and proving the performance of formulations. A wide range of drives and sensors enables engineers to perform both standard and customized tests. Our solution provides a fast, affordable path to perfecting chemistry and proving out formulations​.

  • Test samples on a small scale and correlate to large, expensive test rigs 
  • Innovate faster with in-process evaluations of formulas 
  • Easily change testing conditions as you develop formations 
  • Perform Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and R&D in one lab on one tool

What kinds of lubricants and additives do we test?

  • Diesel Oil 
  • Coolants 
  • Synthetics 
  • Lubricating Oils 
  • Lubricating Greases 
  • Automotive Lubricants 
  • Dry Lubricants
  • Industrial Lubricants
  • Base oils 
  • Green Lubricants 
  • Gear Oils 
  • Lubricating Pastes 
  • Waxes 
  • Turbine Oils 
  • Hydraulic Oils 
  • Compressor Oils

Additive and Lubricant Test Solutions from Bruker

  • Lubricity - High Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)
  • Line-contact or conformal contact - Block on ring
  • Small area contact (lubricant comparison/selection) - Pin-on-disk
  • Extreme point-contact sliding conditions - Four-ball tests
  • Torque generated during forming, cutting and drilling – Tapping torque
Publications

Key Publications with UMT Lubrication

2020
  • A Çelik, MT Acar, T Yetim, H Kovacı, AF Yetim. Improving structural, tribological and electrochemical properties of Ti6Al4V alloy with B-doped TiO2 thin films. Tribology International. 146, 106210. (2020).
  • AI Costa, L Sousa, AC Alves, F Toptan. Tribocorrosion behaviour of bio-functionalized porous Ti surfaces obtained by two-step anodic treatment. Corrosion Science. 166, 108467. (2020).
  • A Li, F Su, PK Chu, J Sun. Articular cartilage inspired bilayer coating on Ti6Al4V alloy with low friction and high load-bearing properties. Applied Surface Science. 515, 146065. (2020).
  • AM Delgado-Brito, et al. Effect of the Diffusion Annealing Process on the Sliding Wear Resistance of Cobalt Boride Layer. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 29, 109–125. (2020).
  • AM Khan, H Wu, Q Ma, YW Chung, QJ Wang. Relating Tribological Performance and Tribofilm Formation to the Adsorption Strength of Surface-Active Precursors. Tribology Letters. 68, 6. (2020).
  • BK Singh, S Samanta, SS Roy, et al. Evaluation of mechanical and frictional properties of CuO added MgO/ZTA ceramics. Materials Research Express. 6, 12. (2020).
  • B Li, W Zhang. Synthesis of Ni–Co–ZrO2 nanocomposites doped with ceria particles via electrodeposition as highly protective coating. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 820, 153158. (2020).
  • B Li, W Zhang, T Mei, S Du, D Li, Y Miao. Influence of zirconia and ceria nanoparticles on structure and properties of electrodeposited Ni-W nanocomposites. Composite Structures. 235, 111773. (2020).
  • B Li, W Zhang, T Mei, S Du, Y Miao, D Li. Synthesis and properties of YSZ and CeO2 dual nanoparticles doped Ni–B matrix nanocomposite coating. Ceramics International. 46, 6, 8047-8058. (2020).
  • B Li, W Zhang, T Mei, Y Miao. Fabrication of Ni–B/TiC–Y2O3 nanocomposites by one-step electrodeposition at different duty cycle and evaluation of structural, surface and performance as protective coating. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 823, 153888. (2020).
  • BP Tonkonogov, AY Kilyakova, et al. Effect of Thickener Nature on Properties of Polyurealubricant Compositions Based on Esters. Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils. 55, 689–696. (2020).
  • C Chen, X Feng, Y Shen. Microstructures and properties of TiCp/Al coating synthesized on Ti–6Al–4V alloy substrate using mechanical alloying method. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 813, 152223. (2020).
  • CK Sarangi, BP Sahu, BK Mishra, R Mitra. Pulse electrodeposition and characterization of graphene oxide particle-reinforced Ni–W alloy matrix nanocomposite coatings. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. 50, 265–279. (2020).
  • C Li, X Deng, L Huang, Y Jia, Z Wang. Effect of temperature on microstructure, properties and sliding wear behavior of low alloy wear-resistant martensitic steel. Wear. 442–443, 203125. (2020).
  • C Magnus, D Cooper, L Ma, WM Rainforth. Microstructures and intrinsic lubricity of in situ Ti3SiC2–TiSi2–TiC MAX phase composite fabricated by reactive spark plasma sintering (SPS). Wear. 448–449, 203169. (2020).
  • CY Su, LK Yeh, CC Lai, KY Li, et al. Effects of lysosomal deposition on the friction coefficient of hydrogel contact lenses. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 43, 2, 144-148. (2020).
  • C Zhu, B Zhang, S Zheng. Laser cladding nickel‐titanium carbide composite coating on a 45 carbon steel: Preparation, microstructure and wear behavior. Materials Science and Engineering Technology. 51, 2, 247-256. (2020).
  • D Choudhury, II Niyonshuti, J Chen, et al. Tribological performance of polydopamine + Ag nanoparticles/PTFE thin films. Tribology International. 144, 106097. (2020).
  • D Faria, S Madeira, M Buciumeanu, et al. Novel laser textured surface designs for improved zirconia implants performance. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 108, 110390. (2020).
  • D Furmann, et al. The Effect of Synovial Fluid Composition, Speed and Load on Frictional Behaviour of Articular Cartilage. Materials. 13, 6, 1334. (2020).
  • E Liu, et al. Effect of Cr2O3 on the microstructure and tribological performance of sprayed Fe-based coating on cylinder liner. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 234, 3. (2020).
  • F Zhang, X Zhang, F Zhang, et al. 3D/1D heterostructure of flower-like MoS2 nanospheres anchored on carbon nanotubes for enhanced friction and wear properties as oil additives. Materials Research Express. 6, 12. (2020).
  • G Chen, J Zhao, K Chen, S Liu, M Zhang, Y He, J Luo. Ultrastable Lubricating Properties of Robust Self-Repairing Tribofilms Enabled by in Situ-Assembled Polydopamine Nanoparticles. Langmuir. 36, 4, 852–861. (2020).
  • G Deng, AK Tieu, X Lan, L Su, L Wang, et al. Effects of normal load and velocity on the dry sliding tribological behaviour of CoCrFeNiMo0.2 high entropy alloy. Tribology International. 144, 106116. (2020).
  • G Ren, W Li, H Li, X Fan, L Zhang, M Zhu. Regulating performance characteristics of lithium complex greases via dibasic acids. Lubrication Science. 32, 6, 261-272. (2020).
  • HA Raghs, B Kondul, MH Cetin. Investigation of wear behavior of boronized H13 steel under environment of nano-silver-added lubricants coated with different ligands. Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties. 8, 1. (2020).
  • H Chen, T Sun, Y Yan, X Ji, Y Sun, X Zhao, J Qi, et al. Cartilage matrix-inspired biomimetic superlubricated nanospheres for treatment of osteoarthritis. Biomaterials. 242, 119931. (2020).
  • H Ju, et al. Improvement on the oxidation resistance and tribological properties of molybdenum disulfide film by doping nitrogen. Materials & Design. 186, 108300. (2020).
  • H Qiu, H Zhu, J Zhang, Z Xie. Effect of Fe content upon the microstructures and mechanical properties of FexCoNiCu high entropy alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 769, 138514. (2020).
  • H Sun, T Li, F Lei, M Yang, D Li, X Huang, et al. Graphite fluoride and fluorographene as a new class of solid lubricant additives for high‐performance polyamide 66 composites with excellent mechanical and tribological properties. Polymer International. 69, 5, 457-466. (2020).
  • H Yan, et al. Fabrication and tribological behaviors of Ti3SiC2/Ti5Si3/TiC/Ni-based composite coatings by laser cladding for self-lubricating applications. Optics & Laser Technology. 126, 106077. (2020).
  • H Yan, L Zhang, H Li, X Fan, M Zhu. Towards high-performance additive of Ti3C2/graphene hybrid with a novel wrapping structure in epoxy coating. Carbon. 157, 217-233. (2020).
  • H Zhang, G Zhou, P Zhong, et al. Experimental investigation on Stribeck curves of different elastic modulus materials under oil and water lubrication conditions. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology. 72, 6. (2020).
  • IK Aliyu, MU Azam, DU Lawal, MA Samad. Optimization of SiC Concentration and Process Parameters for a Wear-Resistant UHMWPE Nancocomposite. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 45, 849–860. (2020).
  • J Cheng, S Chen, F Zhang, B Shen, X Lu, J Pan. Corrosion- and wear-resistant composite film of graphene and mussel adhesive proteins on carbon steel. Corrosion Science. 164, 108351. (2020).
  • J Guo, R Peng, H Du, Y Shen, Y Li, J Li, G Dong. The Application of Nano-MoS2 Quantum Dots as Liquid Lubricant Additive for Tribological Behavior Improvement. Nanomaterials. 10, 2, 200. (2020).
  • J Hale, R Lewis, MJ Carré. Rubber friction and the effect of shape. Tribology International. 141, 105911. (2020).
  • J Ju, Y Zhou, K Wang, Y Liu, J Li, M Kang, et al. Tribological investigation of additive manufacturing medical Ti6Al4V alloys against Al2O3 ceramic balls in artificial saliva. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 104, 103602. (2020).
  • JK Xiao, H Tan, YQ Wu, J Chen, C Zhang. Microstructure and wear behavior of FeCoNiCrMn high entropy alloy coating deposited by plasma spraying. Surface and Coatings Technology. 385, 125430. (2020).
  • JK Xiao, YQ Wu, J Chen, C Zhang. Microstructure and tribological properties of plasma sprayed FeCoNiCrSiAlx high entropy alloy coatings. Wear. 448–449, 203209. (2020).
  • J Li, Z Zhu, Y Peng, G Shen. In Situ Synthesized (Cr, Fe)7C3-Reinforced Composite Coatings via Laser Cladding Deposition of Fe-Based Alloys and Carbon Fibers. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 29, 391–398. (2020).
  • J Manhart, A Hausberger, B Maroh, et al. Tribological characteristics of medical gloves in contact with human skin and skin equivalents. Polymer Testing. 82, 106318. (2020).
  • J Mao, G Chen, J Zhao, Y He, J Luo. An investigation on the tribological behaviors of steel/copper and steel/steel friction pairs via lubrication with a graphene additive. Friction. (2020).
  • JM Li, HJ Wei, LD Wei, DP Zhou, Y Qiu. Extraction of Frictional Vibration Features with Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis and Friction State Recognition. Symmetry. 12, 2, 272. (2020).
  • JN Panda, J Bijwe, RK Pandey. Variation in size of graphite particles and its cascading effect on the performance properties of PAEK composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 182, 107641. (2020).
  • J Ping, X Cui, J Pu, X Jiang, X Zhang, et al. Structural, tribological and corrosion properties of plasma nitrided-chromized-316L stainless steel in air and artificial seawater. Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties. 8, 1. (2020).
  • J Tang, S Chen, Y Jia, Y Ma, H Xie, X Quan, Q Ding. Carbon dots as an additive for improving performance in water-based lubricants for amorphous carbon (a-C) coatings. Carbon. 156, 272-281. (2020).
  • J Wang, Z Pan, L Wang, L Su, K Carpenter, et al. In-situ dual wire arc additive manufacturing of NiTi-coating on Ti6Al4V alloys: Microstructure characterization and mechanical properties. Surface and Coatings Technology. 386, 125439. (2020).
  • J Yang, J Wang, J Guan. Morphology, abrasion and corrosion resistance study of the plasma electrolytic oxidation films formed on pure titanium by adding silane in the electrolyte. Applied Physics A. 126, 288. (2020).
  • J Zhang, Z Li, Y Wang, S Zhou, Y Wang, Z Zeng, J Li. A new method to improve the tribological performance of metal nitride coating: A case study for CrN coating. Vacuum. 173, 109158. (2020).
  • J Zhao, Y Huang, Y Li, T Gao, Z Dou, et al. Superhigh-exfoliation graphene with a unique two-dimensional (2D) microstructure for lubrication application. Applied Surface Science. 513, 145608. (2020).
  • J Zhu, J Qi, D Guan, L Ma, R Dwyer-Joyce. Tribological behaviour of self-lubricating Mg matrix composites reinforced with silicon carbide and tungsten disulfide. Tribology International. 146, 106253. (2020).
  • K Balázsi, M Furkó, Z Liao, et al. Graphene added multilayer ceramic sandwich (GMCS) composites: Structure, preparation and properties. Journal of the European Ceramic Society. 40, 14, 4792-4798. (2020).
  • K Zhang, X Guo, C Wang, F Liu, L Sun. Effect of plasma-assisted laser pretreatment of hard coatings surface on the physical and chemical bonding between PVD soft and hard coatings and its resulting properties. Applied Surface Science. 509, 145342. (2020).
  • L Cheng, Y Wang, G Sun, S Wen, L Deng, H Zhang, et al. Hydration-Enhanced Lubricating Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes Prevent Tissue Adhesion. Research. (2020).
  • L Chen, Z Liu, X Wang, et al. Effects of Surface Roughness Parameters on Tribological Performance for Micro-textured Eutectic Aluminum–Silicon Alloy. J. Tribol. 14, 2, 021702. (2020).
  • L Marcinauskas, JS Mathew, et al. Effect of graphite concentration on the tribological performance of alumina coatings. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 827, 154135. (2020).
  • L Tang, et al. Significantly enhanced mechanical and tribological properties of Co-based alloy coatings by annealing treatment. Tribology International. 146, 106265. (2020).
  • L Wang, AK Tieu, G Deng, J Wang, BH Tran, et al. In-situ interfacial tribochemistry toward eliminating red-scale of silicon steel in friction process. Tribology International. 143, 106077. (2020).
  • L Wang, AK Tieu, H Zhu, G Deng, G Hai, J Wang, et al. The effect of expanded graphite with sodium metasilicate as lubricant at high temperature. Carbon. 159, 345-356. (2020).
  • L Wang, AK Tieu, S Cui, G Deng, P Wang, et al. Lubrication mechanism of sodium metasilicate at elevated temperatures through tribo-interface observation. Tribology International. 142, 105972. (2020).
  • L Wan, X Tan, T Sun, Y Sun, J Luo, H Zhang. Lubrication and drug release behaviors of mesoporous silica nanoparticles grafted with sulfobetaine-based zwitterionic polymer. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 112, 110886. (2020).
  • MA Mekicha, MB de Rooij, et al. The effect of hard chrome plating on iron fines formation. Tribology International. 142, 106003. (2020).
  • MA Sainz, S Serena, M Belmonte, et al. Protein adsorption and in vitro behavior of additively manufactured 3D-silicon nitride scaffolds intended for bone tissue engineering. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 115, 110734. (2020).
  • M Dinu, L Braic, SC Padmanabhan, et al. Characterization of electron beam deposited Nb2O5 coatings for biomedical applications. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 103, 103582. (2020).
  • M Fernández-Álvarez, F Velasco, A Bautista. Epoxy powder coatings hot mixed with nanoparticles to improve their abrasive wear. Wear. 448–449, 203211. (2020).
  • M Fernández-Álvarez, F Velasco, et al. Functionalizing organic powder coatings with nanoparticles through ball milling for wear applications. Applied Surface Science. 513, 145834. (2020).
  • ML Pozzebon, CL Lin, PA Meehan. On the Modeling of Wear in Grease-Lubricated Spherical Roller Bearings. Tribology Transactions. 63, 5, 806-819. (2020).
  • M Remešová, S Tkachenko, et al. Effects of anodizing conditions and the addition of Al2O3/PTFE particles on the microstructure and the mechanical properties of porous anodic coatings on the AA1050 aluminium alloy. Applied Surface Science. 513, 145780. (2020).
  • M Sahul, M Haršáni, et al. Deposition and characterization of Ti-Al-C-N coatings. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 726. (2020).
  • M Sernaglia, D Blanco, AH Battez, JL Viesca, et al. Two fatty acid anion-based ionic liquids - part I: Physicochemical properties and tribological behavior as neat lubricants. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 305, 112827. (2020).
  • M Shen, B Li, D Ji, G Xiong, L Zhao, J Zhang, Z Zhang. Effect of Particle Size on Tribological Properties of Rubber/Steel Seal Pairs Under Contaminated Water Lubrication Conditions. Tribology Letters. 68, 40. (2020).
  • N Hu, X Zhang, X Wang, N Wu, S Wang. Study on Tribological Properties and Mechanisms of Different Morphology WS2 as Lubricant Additives. Materials. 13, 7, 1522. (2020).
  • O Çomakli. Influence of CrN, TiAlN monolayers and TiAlN/CrN multilayer ceramic films on structural, mechanical and tribological behavior of β-type Ti45Nb alloys. Ceramics International. 46, 6, 8185-8191. (2020).
  • P Huang, R Zhu, C Li, X Wang, X Wang, X Zhang. Effect of graphene concentration on tribological properties of graphene aerogel/TiO2 composite through controllable cellular-structure. Materials & Design. 188, 108468. (2020).
  • PL Fuhrmann, G Sala, E Scholten, M Stieger. Influence of clustering of protein-stabilised oil droplets with proanthocyanidins on mechanical, tribological and sensory properties of o/w emulsions and emulsion-filled gels. Food Hydrocolloids. 105, 105856. (2020).
  • PL Fuhrmann, M Aguayo-Mendoza, et al. Characterisation of friction behaviour of intact soft solid foods and food boli. Food Hydrocolloids. 100, 105441. (2020).
  • P Shi, et al. TiO2–ZnO/Ni–5wt.%Al composite coatings on GH4169 superalloys by atmospheric plasma spray techniques and theirs elevated-temperature tribological behavior. Ceramics International. 46, 9, 13527-13538. (2020).
  • P Zhang, G Zhao, W Wang, B Wang, P Shi, G Qi, G Yi. Study on the Mechanical and Tribological Properties and the Mechanisms of Cr-Free Ni-Based Self-Lubricating Composites at a Wide Temperature Range. Metals. 10, 2, 268. (2020).
  • Q Zhang, B Wu, R Song, H Song, J Zhang, X Hu. Preparation, characterization and tribological properties of polyalphaolefin with magnetic reduced graphene oxide/Fe3O4. Tribology International. 141, 105952. (2020).
  • RK Mittal, et al. Machining Response and Damage Evolution of Amorphous Carbon Coated Tools in High-Speed Micromilling of Ti–6Al–4V. J. Micro Nano-Manuf. 8, 2, 024507-02412. (2020).
  • R Kumar, B Malaval, M Antonov, G Zhao. Performance of polyimide and PTFE based composites under sliding, erosive and high stress abrasive conditions. Tribology International. 147, 106282. (2020).
  • R Kumar, M Antonov, U Beste, D Goljandin. Assessment of 3D printed steels and composites intended for wear applications in abrasive, dry or slurry erosive conditions. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials. 86, 105126. (2020).
  • R Kumar, M Antonov, Y Holovenko, A Surzenkov. Erosive Wear Resistance of Nature-inspired Flexible Materials. Tribology Letters. 68, 51. (2020).
  • R Qiang, K Hou, J Wang, S Yang. Smooth and dense graphene quantum dots-based lubricating coatings prepared by electrophoretic deposition. Applied Surface Science. 509, 145338. (2020).
  • S Huang, X Li, B Yu, Z Jiang, H Huang. Machining characteristics and mechanism of GO/SiO2 nanoslurries in fixed abrasive lapping. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 277, 116444. (2020).
  • S Liu, S Ruan, X Huang, A Ortiz, S Jiang, J Liu. Micro/Nano-tribological Properties of Binary-Doped Ionic Liquid Lubricating Films on Alkyl Silane-Modified Silicon Surfaces. Tribology Letters. 68, 12. (2020).
  • S Madeira, A Barbosa, CG Moura, et al. Aunps and Agμps-functionalized zirconia surfaces by hybrid laser technology for dental implants. Ceramics International. 46, 6, 7109-7121. (2020).
  • SN Gorbacheva, YM Yarmush, SO Ilyin. Rheology and tribology of ester-based greases with microcrystalline cellulose and organomodified montmorillonite. Tribology International. 148, 106318. (2020).
  • S Qi, Z Geng, Z Lu, G Zhang, et al. Synergistic Lubricating Behaviors of 3D Graphene and 2D Hexagonal Boron Nitride Dispersed in PAO4 for Steel/Steel Contact. Advanced Materials Interfaces. 7, 8, 1901893. (2020).
  • S Singh, X Chen, C Zhang, RK Gautam, et al. Nickel-catalyzed direct growth of graphene on bearing steel (GCr15) by thermal chemical vapor deposition and its tribological behavior. Applied Surface Science. 502, 144135. (2020).
  • S Wan, BH Tran, AK Tieu, HTT Ta, H Zhu, et al. Probing tribo-interface evolution governing high temperature tribology of nitride ceramic contacts. Materials Characterization. 160, 2020, 110062. (2020).
  • T Mishra, et al. A material point method based ploughing model to study the effect of asperity geometry on the ploughing behaviour of an elliptical asperity. Tribology International. 142, 106017. (2020).
  • TSNS Narayanan, J Kim, HW Park. High performance corrosion and wear resistant Ti-6Al-4V alloy by the hybrid treatment method. Applied Surface Science. 504, 144388. (2020).
  • T Zhang, J Guo, JF Chen, JM Wang, et al. Heat stability and rheological properties of concentrated soy protein/egg white protein composite microparticle dispersions. Food Hydrocolloids. 100, 105449. (2020).
  • UN Marathe, J Bijwe. High performance polymer composites - Influence of processing technique on the fiber length and performance properties. Wear. 446–447, 203189. (2020).
  • V Writzl, AC Rovani, G Pintaude, et al. Scratch resistances of compacted graphite iron with plasma nitriding, laser hardening, and duplex surface treatments. Tribology International. 143, 106081. (2020).
  • W Li, et al. Investigating the fluorination degree of FG nanosheets on the tribological properties of FG/PI composite coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings. 139, 105481. (2020).
  • W Qi, P Huang, X Chen, J Jin, J Luo. Achieving controllable friction of ultrafine-grained graphite HPG510 by tailoring the interfacial nanostructures. Applied Surface Science. 512, 145731. (2020).
  • W Yu, J Wang, W Huang, L Cui, L Wang. Improving high temperature tribological performances of Si doped diamond-like carbon by using W interlayer. Tribology International. 146, 106241. (2020).
  • X Feng, C Lu, J Jia, J Xue, Q Wang, Y Sun, et al. High temperature tribological behaviors and wear mechanisms of NiAl–NbC–Ag composites formed by in-situ decomposition of AgNbO3. Tribology International. 141, 105898. (2020).
  • X Hao, P Sun, S Xiao, Y Yang, L Li. Tribological performance of surface with different wettability under ball-on-disc test. Applied Surface Science. 501, 144228. (2020).
  • X Han, Z Zhang, SJ Thrush, GC Barber, H Qu. Ionic liquid stabilized nanoparticle additive in a steel-ceramic contact for extreme pressure application. Wear. 452–453, 203264. (2020).
  • X Li, J Deng, D Ge, H Yue. Rapid crystallization of electrohydrodynamically atomized ZrO2 thin films by laser annealing. Applied Surface Science. 510, 145510. (2020).
  • Y Bai, S He, Y Lian, T Yu, C Dai, J Zhao, H Zhang. Self-Lubricating Supramolecular Hydrogel for In-Depth Profile Control in Fractured Reservoirs. ACS Omega. 5, 13, 7244–7253. (2020).
  • Y Liu, D Xiong, X Zhao.Improved biotribological properties of polyetheretherketone composites for artificial joints with a ‘soft-on-hard’ structure and brushlike molecules. Tribology International. 145, 106165. (2020)
  • Y Mu, E Simonetto, M Scagnolari, A Ghiotti. Wear in Hot Stamping by Partition Heating. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 4, 1, 18. (2020).
  • Y Xi, HJ Kaper, CH Choi, PK Sharma. Tribological properties of microporous polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces under physiological conditions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 561, 220-230. (2020).
  • Y Xu, RL Jackson, Y Chen, et al. A comparison of nanoscale measurements with the theoretical models of real and nominal contact areas. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology. 234, 11. (2020).
  • Y Zhang, et al. One step synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles from ZDDP and its tribological properties in steel-aluminum contacts. Tribology International. 141, 105890. (2020).
  • Y Zhao, K Feng, C Yao, Z Li. Effect of MoO3 on the microstructure and tribological properties of laser-clad Ni60/nanoCu/h-BN/MoO3 composite coatings over wide temperature range. Surface and Coatings Technology. 387, 125477. (2020).
  • Z Cai, R Chen, J Qian, S Zheng, et al. Improving scratch-resistance and wear-resistance of VN film by deep cryogenic treatment with liquid nitrogen. Surface Engineering. 36,2. (2020).
  • Z Li, H Zhang, W He, C Ma, X Nie, Y Li. Tribological performance of a novel wide-temperature applicable a-C/(WC/a-C) film against M50 steel. Tribology International. 145, 106189. (2020).
  • Z Mou, B Wang, Z Huang, H Lu. Ultrahigh yield synthesis of mesoporous carbon nanoparticles as a superior lubricant additive for polyethylene glycol. Dalton Transactions. (2020).
  • Z Wang, J Li, Y Liu, J Luo. Macroscale superlubricity achieved between zwitterionic copolymer hydrogel and sapphire in water. Materials & Design. 188, 108441. (2020).
  • Z Wang, J Li, Y Liu, J Luo. Synthesis and characterizations of zwitterionic copolymer hydrogels with excellent lubrication behavior. Tribology International. 143, 106026. (2020).
  • Z Wang, Y Yan, Y Wang, Y Su, L Qiao. Lifecycle of cobalt-based alloy for artificial joints: From bulk material to nanoparticles and ions due to bio-tribocorrosion. Journal of Materials Science & Technology. 46, 98-106. (2020).
2019
  • A Ahmad, A Imani, L Mao, R Iqbal, et al. A Bifunctional and Free‐Standing Organic Composite Film with High Flexibility and Good Tensile Strength for Tribological and Electrochemical Applications. Advanced Materials Technologies. 4, 10, (2019).
  • A Ahmadi, J Tang, VG Pol, F Sadeghi, KK Mistry. Binder mediated enhanced surface adhesion of cured, dry solid lubricant on bearing steel for significant friction and wear reduction under high contact pressure. Carbon. 146, 588-596. (2019).
  • AA Novikova, et al. Influence of glycerol dispersions of graphene oxide on the friction of rough steel surfaces. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 284, 1-11. (2019).
  • A Bogatov, et al. Transition from Self-Organized Criticality into Self-Organization during Sliding Si3N4 Balls against Nanocrystalline Diamond Films. Entropy. 21, 11, 1055. (2019).
  • A de Moura Silva, VMG de Figueiredo, et al. Diamond-like carbon films over reconstructive TMJ prosthetic materials: Effects in the cytotoxicity, chemical and mechanical properties. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research. 9, 3, 201-207. (2019).
  • AFF Oliveira, F Toptan. Wear Behavior of Ti-Al2O3 Biocomposites in 9 g/L NaCl Solution. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance. 28, 6000–6010. (2019).
  • A Jain, A Singh, AP Singh. Effect of tribological parameters on sliding wear and friction coefficient which relates to preload loss in tapered roller bearing. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology. 71, 1. (2019).
  • A Morales, O Piamba, J Olaya. Influence of Gas Pressure on the Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Cu-Al Coatings Deposited via Thermal Spray. Coatings. 9, 11, 722. (2019).
  • ARK Rana, Z Farhat. Preparation and tribological characterization of graphene incorporated electroless Ni-P composite coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology. 369, 334-346. (2019).
  • AY Adesina, ZM Gasem, AS Mohammed. Comparative Investigation and Characterization of the Scratch and Wear Resistance Behavior of TiN, CrN, AlTiN and AlCrN Cathodic Arc PVD Coatings. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 44, 10355–10371. (2019).
  • A Yamazaki, K Inagaki. Laminated film. Google Patents. US20190054724A1. (2019).
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