S2 PUMA Applications

Academia and R&D


Fundamental research from agriculture to material science to zooarchaeology can bring with it a wide variety of sample materials of all sizes and forms for elemental analysis.

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Growing crops and produce in many areas depends on fertilizers and detailed knowledge about the soil in the ground. Production and quality control of fertilizers and the mapping of arable soils are two important applications where elemental analysis is indispensable.

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The automotive industry deals with many different material types, ranging from liquids such as lubricants, to ceramics, to metals and alloys. These materials have to be controlled not only for product quality, but also to gain valuable information about processes they are used in.

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Catalysts are probably best known from cars, where they get used in catalytic converters in the exhaust systems. However, they are also widely used in the petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries (e.g. for base chemicals, dyes, etc.).

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Cement & Building Materials

Cement & Building Materials

Cement as a binder in the building industry has been known for centuries, but today it is even more important than ever. Cement literally is the foundation of our modern infrastructure, as binder in brickwork and walls; as floor screed in buildings; and as concrete in bridges, tunnels, ports, and other civil engineering projects.

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Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Minerals

Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Minerals

Non-metallic materials such as industrial minerals are an important resource. They have been used for potteries and glass products and are still used here. But new technologies have found other uses for them. For those, however, stringent quality requirements have to be met.

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The chemical industry produces a broad array of materials: Rubbers, dyes, salts, fertilizers, life sciences products, specialty chemicals, and consumer products such as detergents are just a few examples. The often complex manufacturing processes, their intermediates, and final products need close monitoring.

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Consumer Safety

Consumer Safety

With increasing global trade of goods, customers have increasing more access to products manufactured under foreign legislations. To ensure products from foreign and domestic markets are safe, consumer safety regulated by authorities and contracted to commercial laboratories becomes ever important. Regulations such as RoHS and WEEE are just some, which makes analyses on all sorts of products necessary.

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Cosmetic and personal care products have to meet high product quality standards due to their applications. To develop new skin care products, from sunscreen to lip gloss, reliable elemental analysis is needed to ensure the required product characteristics are achieved.

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Many professional occupations require extensive knowledge about analytical techniques. Elemental analysis is one of the most common laboratory requirements and as such students have to learn the ropes of XRF technology. However, many labs of higher education institutions also perform research work and as such the instrument must deliver reliable analysis results and a variety of samples.

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Increasing sensitivity towards environmental issues makes analytical solutions necessary which can provide reliable data. Applications cover a wide range and are very diverse. Some of the more common requests include the analysis of soils and filtered particles. Other applications might include the determination of lead in paint.

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Food & Feed

Food & Feed

Food and animal fodder products require stringent quality control measures. They are applied from production to delivery and regulated by different authorities. EDXRF is a proven elemental analysis technique that is applied widely in the industry to make sure norms are followed and consumers are kept safe.

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Geology & Geosciences

Geology & Geosciences

Geosciences are a wide field and so are the requests for elemental analysis. Geology, mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, and paleontology (fossils) do all require information on elemental concentrations of their samples. EDXRF technology can help to acquire these data quickly and precisely.

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When delivering elemental analysis results on which decisions makers as well as the public can rely on, there is no margin for error. This demands for an easy-to-use instrument which can handle all sorts of samples.

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Metals & Slags

Metals & Slags

In metal production such as in steel plants a wide range of process steps and products must be carefully monitored to ensure the complex and expensive production run smoothly. In a steel plant, information from electric arc furnaces (EAF), ladle metallurgy furnaces (LMF), and the baghouse may be gathered through samples analyzed from these stages; raw materials and final products have to be checked for product quality purposes.

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Minerals & Mining

Minerals & MiningMinerals & Mining

The resource industry involves many steps from exploration to production. In many of them elemental concentrations of the commodities or of other indicative elements have to be known. Sample types include rocks, core, ore, and soils and quite often quick answers to the concentrations of their elemental content are valuable.

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The petrochemical produces far more than fuels and oils for the transportation sector. Chemicals such as ethylene and propylene are important sources for many chemicals and plastic products.

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Plastics & Polymers

Plastics & PolymersPlastics & Polymers

With polymers replacing more and more conventional materials, the development of new compositions and further production control give rise to more elemental analysis applications. These can include the monitoring of modifiers and additives to give the new materials the desired properties.

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Pharma & Biotech

Pharma & BiotechPharma & Biotech

Research and product quality are both important applications in the life sciences and pharmaceutical industries. Particularly the products from within these industry segments underlie strict regulations, as to ensure the quality of resulting medications and other products. This makes reliable and precise analytical measures necessary.

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Service & Contract Labs

Service & Contract LabsService & Contract Labs

Deliver promised results, in time, according to the required specifications, and fulfilling the appropriate norms – is what customers demand. This can be challenging.

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