The MBT Lipid Xtract™ Kit facilitates efficient sample preparation for analysis of microbial lipids, enabling fast resistance detection based on MALDI-TOF analysis of Lipid A modifications, on the MALDI Biotyper® sirius, using negative ion mode.
Resistance of gram-negative bacteria to colistin, one of our last resort antibiotics, is based on modifications of the bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Modifications to Lipid A lead to charge repulsion effects of colistin, resulting in resistance of the bacteria.
Typically, analysis of lipids by MALDI-TOF is performed in the negative ion mode, which is available on the MALDI Biotyper® sirius systems.
Modifications to the Lipid A molecules include, amongst others, phosphoethanolamine (pEtN) addition to the core and Lipid A regions, and 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose (L-Ara4N) addition to the core and lipid A regions. The corresponding Lipid A mass shifts caused by these modifications can be detected easily by the MALDI Biotyper® sirius after performing the sample extraction protocol provided by the MBT Lipid Xtract™ Kit.
Only 15 minutes are needed for sample preparation of Lipid A and its modifications, by means of the MBT Lipid Xtract™ Kit. It takes only a small colony, which undergoes lysis, and is subsequently mixed with Lipid Xtract matrix after a washing step. This mixture can be directly transferred to a MBT Biotarget 96 for MALDI-TOF analysis. Using the negative ion mode on a MALDI Biotyper® sirius system, lipid spectra are acquired in the lower mass range.
The excellent extraction efficiency of the MBT Lipid Xtract kit results in high-quality spectra, enabling a broad range of MALDI-TOF applications based on Lipid A analysis.
Inspection of the spectra can reveal the origin of colistin resistance, as phosphoethanolamine (pEtN) addition to Lipid A strongly indicates a plasmid encoded resistance, whereas a 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose (L-Ara4N) addition points to chromosomal encoded resistance.
This dedicated software module requires only a few mouse clicks to extract information from the MALDI-TOF spectra, and delivers easily interpretable answers, indicating whether the resistance is based on chromosomal or plasmid coded modifications.
As the results are available after only 30 minutes starting from a colony, this test enables testing many samples in a short time.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in clinical diagnostic procedures.
Please contact your local representative for availability in your country.