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Thursday, February 25th, 2021 | 9am PST | 11am CST | 12pm EST | 6pm GMT+1

Optical Methods for the Functional Investigation of Neural Networks in the Mouse Whisker System

presented by: Tommaso Fellin, Senior Investigator, Optical Approaches to Brain Function Laboratory, Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Genova, Italy

Overview

Thursday, February 25th, 2021
9am PST | 11am CST | 12pm EST | 6pm GMT+1

Join this webinar to learn about some of the latest optical technologies for the functional investigation of brain circuits. Discussion topics will range from all-optical two-photon imaging and bidirectional two-photon perturbation to micro-fabricated optics for aberration correction in endoscopic probes.

Presenter's Abstract

Information about sensory stimuli is encoded within brain circuits in the form of complex spatial and temporal activity patterns which are distributed across neurons. Understanding how these patterns influence behavior requires methods to measure and to perturb with high spatial resolution the activity of the multiple neuronal cell types engaged in sensory processing.

In this webinar, I will focus on our contribution to this growing field of research focusing on three main issues:

  1. Achieving efficient high-resolution bidirectional manipulation of cell activity;
  2. Minimizing crosstalk between imaging of the fluorescent sensors and opsin activation; and
  3. Applying this technology to deep brain regions using endoscopic probes.

Approaches to improve the optical properties of ultrathin endoscopes using 3D printed micro-lenses will also be discussed. Optical developments will be presented alongside with their applications to dissect out the functional properties of thalamocortical circuits in the mouse whisker system.

Speaker

Tommaso Fellin, Senior Investigator, Optical Approaches to Brain Function Laboratory, Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), Genova, Italy

Tommaso Fellin graduated in Physics at the University of Padova in 1998 studying enzyme kinetics with time-resolved spectroscopy. As a PhD student in the Dept. of Biomedical Sciences at University of Padova, he investigated the biophysical properties of voltage-gated calcium channels and the functional consequences of mutations in calcium channels linked to human neurological disorders (supervisor, D. Pietrobon). During his first postdoctoral training period, he integrated electrophysiological and imaging techniques to study neuron-glia communication (supervisors, G. Carmignoto and T. Pozzan). He then moved to the Dept. of Neuroscience at University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine as a senior postdoctoral researcher and continued his research on neuron-glia interaction (supervisor, P. Haydon). In 2008, he joined the department of Neuroscience and Brain Technologies at the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) as junior investigator.

He is currently senior investigator at the IIT, head of the Optical Approaches to Brain Function Laboratory, and co-head of the Neural Coding Laboratory. He is recipient of the European Research Council (ERC) consolidator grant NEURO-PATTERNS and co-founder of the start-up SmartMicroOptics. Since 2019, he serves as Coordinator of the Neuroscience Area at the IIT. His research activity focuses on the study of the brain microcircuits involved in the processing of sensory information and on the development of innovative optical methods to probe their function.