Scrap metal recycling involves the recovery and processing of scrap metal from end-of-life products or structures, as well as from manufacturing scrap, so that it can be introduced as a raw material in the production of new goods. Metal alloys are ideal material for recycling as metals can be melted any number of times and turned into new products without a loss in quality. The recycled alloy material accounts these days for more than half of the production for most of the metals. Practically all metals are recycled including iron, steel, lead, zinc, gold, aluminum and copper.
The scrap metal recycling process involves several steps. It all starts from scrap collection and recovery of end-of-life vehicles, other products and structures and manufacturing scrap. Metals are then sorted with various methods including the use of powerful magnet systems or analytical methods such as handheld XRF, and finally baled for shipment. Scrap metal is typically melted in a large furnace. Purification by electrolysis is done to ensure the final product is of high quality and free of contaminants. After purification, melted metals are cooled and solidified. In this stage, scrap metals are formed into bars that can be easily used to produce new metal products.
Scrap Metal Sorting
To use scrap metal to produce new materials, the different types of metal have to be sorted and separated into homogeneous metal fractions. One of the most commonly used scrap sorting technology is handheld XRF. Fast and accurate metal alloy sorting and analysis is essential to maximize the efficiency and profitability of a scrapyard. Today, requirements for scrap metal quality is higher than ever and sorting errors may result in rejection of entire loads and a loss of business.
With Bruker S1 TITAN handheld XRF, scrapyard operators can quickly sort mixed scrap, separating materials through the instruments comprehensive grade library. Using the handheld XRF, recycled material can be accurately quantified through elemental analysis, ensuring the correct quality of scrap metal goes forward to the melt. Even small percentages of tramp elements, which may degrade the final alloy, can be determined before further processing. In addition to metal alloy sorting, handheld XRF can be used also to identify and sort other types of materials such as PVC and non-PVC plastics or used to valuate automotive catalytic converters for their precious metal content.
Handheld XRF analyzers can thousands of analyses within a day, enabling large volumes of metal to be quickly sorted. The XRF gun provides an identification of the alloy measured, making it easy for even an unskilled operator to be a very productive scrap sorter.