Oil and Gas: Midstream and Downstream

Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

Oil refining and raw natural gas processing has increasingly strict requirements for process and quality control. Bruker is dedicated to providing analytical solutions that thrive in the petrochemical industries’ rigorous operating environments that imposes unique analytical requirements.

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Refinery and cracker operations have become more complex with tighter margins, requiring a renewed focus on process control, feedstock analysis, and product quality control. Advanced analysis of the composition of petroleum enables operators to optimize refinery operations more profitably. Additionally, expanding regulatory controls on fuels require reliable and easy to use routine analysis. Bruker is committed to the downstream and petrochemical segment, with dedicated solutions and expertise in implementing new or improved workflows. Bruker provides go to solutionsWe are your partner in petrochemical product analysis and process control solutions.

FT-NIR

FT-NIR in Fuel & Analysis

Gasoline, Diesel and Jet fuels require extensive testing in the laboratory for process optimization, blend optimization and efficiency and to reduce the instance of octane giveaway. Previously, this required many independent tests including simulated distillation, GC and Knock Engine Testing. New advances in Fourier Transform Near Infrared spectroscopy now mean that multiple chemical and& physical properties can be derived from one sample/one spectrum in seconds. Properties include:

  • RON, MON, PON
  • RVP, T5, T10, T50, T90, T95, IBP, FBP
  • Benzene, Aromatics, Olefins, Saturates

Bruker has developed unique solutions for the refinery fuels laboratories which includes calibrations developed using many thousands of fuel samples.

Molecular Classification

Petroleomics: The Molecular Classification of Petroleum

A detailed knowledge of the exact chemical composition of crude oil and crude oil fractions is in high demand within the oil industry. Crude oils with similar or even identical bulk chemical properties can behave completely different. Examples include reacting differently in the refinery processes, where specific compounds and compound classes can cause catalytic deactivation.

Flow assurance interests are with polar compounds in crude oil containing hetero atoms such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen having a high contribution in deposition and clogging of pipelines. Even in oil exploration, the exact chemical class information can be useful for reservoir connectivity studies. 

Therefore, detailed information on relative abundances of those problematic compound classes is of major interest.

The relative abundance of compound classes, as well as detailed core structural information of classes based on ring and double bond equivalents can be derived by ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry.

Crude oils can be analyzed without any sample purification within minutes using different ionization methods (APPI, ESI, LDI). Mass spectrometric data are then processed using advanced software solutions (PetroOrg/Composer).

Elemental Classification

Explore XRF Solutions for Petrochemical Standards

Elemental analysis is a crucial process control tool for the refining process: XRF is employed as a technique to quantify sulfur from the crude oil to the liquid streams and in the refined products as well as to quantify Ni, Fe and V in crude oils.: Since XRF can analyze the sample directly without digestion or dilution it is the technique that is widely employed as process tool.: Sulfur levels in fuels are regulated, compliance analysis can be performed with XRF by applying ASTM, ISO or other national norms such as ASTM D2622. Residual fuel oils as well as solid petcoke can be analyzed as well directly.

For the lowest detection limits, as well as for testing P, Pb , S,Ni,V and many more elements in a laboratory setting the S8 TIGER Series 2 WDXRF units are used by many refineries.

Smaller refineries and for regions where regulatory compliance for sulfur and ultra-low sulfur can be done with EDXRF (e.g. ISO 13032, ASTM D7220 and D4294) BRUKER offers the S2 POLAR with factory calibrated solutions.

IMO 2020 Low Sulfur in Fuel Regulations

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) carriage ban on non-compliant fuel oil went into effect on March 1, 2020. Quickly and accurately measure sulfur in marine fuels to ensure bunker fuels meet regulations in Emission Control Areas and other restricted locations. This method follows ASTM D4294 higher concentration range of 0.1 to 5.0% Sulfur in Fuel and ISO 8754:2003. Suppliers, engineers, ship captains and inspectors can use our portable XRF Sulfur Measurement solutions at service labs, supply stations, on docks, in ports, and even aboard barges and ships. 

Bruker’s CTX portable XRF system provides a reliable and inexpensive verification of sulfur in fuel onboard or at the terminal. 

TD-NMR

TD-NMR Hydrocarbon Analysis

Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR), also called Low Resolution NMR, is an affordable NMR solution for petroleum and processes analysis. Magnetic field relaxation times can be used to determine physical and chemical properties, including: 

Crude Oil Analyses

  • Viscosity
  • Droplet size distribution (oil-in-water, water-in-oil)
  • Hydrogen content

Distillation Monitoring

  • % Hydrogen in seconds (ASTM techniques)
  • Automated hydro-cracking process control

Oil Sand Separation

  • Real-time monitoring of bitumen, water, solvents in separation samples
  • Sample size: few mg to 1000g
  • No sample preparation necessary
  • Color, opacity does not affect measurement
  • Simple and short calibration procedure

NMR

NMR for Fuel Analysis

NMR has found application in the fuel industry since its inception as a commercial product, and the fuel additives field has since become a heavily studied area of the industry. Often, fuel companies will carry out this research themselves and use NMR to acquire detailed information on the chemical makeup of raw petroleum.

Productos relacionados

Products for Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

CTX BenchTop / CounterTop XRF spectrometer.

CTX BenchTop XRF spectrometer.

Portable BenchTop XRF ideal for quick analysis of small or prepared samples: only 14 cm wide, light-weight (<7 kg), safety-interlocked, interactive touchscreen, and battery operated.
G4 ICARUS Series 2

G4 ICARUS Series 2

The combustion analyzer G4 ICARUS Series 2 with HF induction furnace and HighSenseTM detection is the ideal instrument for the rapid and precise carbon and sulfur determination in solids, especially metals and their alloys as well as other inorganic materials like ores, cements, minerals, ceramics, etc.
MATRIX-F - Espectrómetro FT-NIR en línea

MATRIX-F - Espectrómetro FT-NIR en línea

Espectrómetro FT-NIR en línea para la medición directa en reactores y tuberías, para una mejor comprensión y control del proceso
MPA II - Analizador Multipropósito FT-NIR

MPA II - Analizador Multipropósito FT-NIR

Potente herramienta para desarrollar sofisticados métodos de calibración para sus necesidades de laboratorio o proceso, pero fácil de usar para tareas rutinarias de CONTROL/QC.
S2 PUMA Series 2

S2 PUMA

Análisis Multielemental desde el Carbono (C) al Americio (Am) en un amplio rango de aplicaciones de control de calidad en línea o en laboratorios centrales. Con sus detectores únicos HighSense también sirve para aplicaciones avanzadas en I+D.
S6 JAGUAR

S6 JAGUAR

Excelente rendimiento analítico para análisis elemental con tecnología de vanguardia en un tamaño compacto.
S8 TIGER Series 2

S8 TIGER Series 2

La herramienta más versátil disponible para análisis elemental avanzado en industria e investigación.
TANGO - Espectrómetro FT-NIR de rutina

TANGO - Espectrómetro FT-NIR de rutina

Tecnología probada combinada con una pantalla táctil muy fácil de usar y un reducido tamaño, perfecta para laboratorios con espacio limitado.
scimaX

scimaX

scimaX is powered by 2xR MRMS technology, bringing the "high hanging fruit" within easy reach.
solariX

solariX

The workhorse platform for high-field MRMS works at 12T or 15T - useful for ultra-complex mixture analysis such as petroleomics and dissolved organic materials.
mq-one

minispec mq-one

El mq-one es la adición más reciente a los sistemas TD-NMR de la serie minispec mq. La galardonada serie mq cubre una amplia gama de aplicaciones y ofrece capacidades de expansión tanto para el control de calidad de RMN de rutina como para el R&D. El mq-one lleva la línea de productos de la serie minispec mq más lejos en el ámbito de las aplicaciones industriales rutinarias.
mq20

minispec serie mq

La serie minispec mq ofrece el rango más completo de frecuencias de medición conocidas hoy en día, que van desde 7,5 MHz para muestras con grandes diámetros, a través de 10 MHz, 20 MHz y 40 MHz, hasta el incomparable mq60 con frecuencia de funcionamiento de 60 MHz.
minispec_lf_Series

minispec serie LF

Análisis de composición corporal de ratones y ratas

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