Oil and Gas: Midstream and Downstream

Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

Oil refining and raw natural gas processing has increasingly strict requirements for process and quality control. Bruker is dedicated to providing analytical solutions that thrive in the petrochemical industries’ rigorous operating environments that imposes unique analytical requirements.

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Refinery and cracker operations have become more complex with tighter margins, requiring a renewed focus on process control, feedstock analysis, and product quality control. Advanced analysis of the composition of petroleum enables operators to optimize refinery operations more profitably. Additionally, expanding regulatory controls on fuels require reliable and easy to use routine analysis. Bruker is committed to the downstream and petrochemical segment, with dedicated solutions and expertise in implementing new or improved workflows. Bruker provides go to solutionsWe are your partner in petrochemical product analysis and process control solutions.

FT-NIR

FT-NIR in Fuel & Analysis

Gasoline, Diesel and Jet fuels require extensive testing in the laboratory for process optimization, blend optimization and efficiency and to reduce the instance of octane giveaway. Previously, this required many independent tests including simulated distillation, GC and Knock Engine Testing. New advances in Fourier Transform Near Infrared spectroscopy now mean that multiple chemical and& physical properties can be derived from one sample/one spectrum in seconds. Properties include:

  • RON, MON, PON
  • RVP, T5, T10, T50, T90, T95, IBP, FBP
  • Benzene, Aromatics, Olefins, Saturates

Bruker has developed unique solutions for the refinery fuels laboratories which includes calibrations developed using many thousands of fuel samples.

Molecular Classification

Petroleomics: The Molecular Classification of Petroleum

A detailed knowledge of the exact chemical composition of crude oil and crude oil fractions is in high demand within the oil industry. Crude oils with similar or even identical bulk chemical properties can behave completely different. Examples include reacting differently in the refinery processes, where specific compounds and compound classes can cause catalytic deactivation.

Flow assurance interests are with polar compounds in crude oil containing hetero atoms such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen having a high contribution in deposition and clogging of pipelines. Even in oil exploration, the exact chemical class information can be useful for reservoir connectivity studies. 

Therefore, detailed information on relative abundances of those problematic compound classes is of major interest.

The relative abundance of compound classes, as well as detailed core structural information of classes based on ring and double bond equivalents can be derived by ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry.

Crude oils can be analyzed without any sample purification within minutes using different ionization methods (APPI, ESI, LDI). Mass spectrometric data are then processed using advanced software solutions (PetroOrg/Composer).

Elemental Classification

Explore XRF Solutions for Petrochemical Standards

Elemental analysis is a crucial process control tool for the refining process: XRF is employed as a technique to quantify sulfur from the crude oil to the liquid streams and in the refined products as well as to quantify Ni, Fe and V in crude oils.: Since XRF can analyze the sample directly without digestion or dilution it is the technique that is widely employed as process tool.: Sulfur levels in fuels are regulated, compliance analysis can be performed with XRF by applying ASTM, ISO or other national norms such as ASTM D2622. Residual fuel oils as well as solid petcoke can be analyzed as well directly.

For the lowest detection limits, as well as for testing P, Pb , S,Ni,V and many more elements in a laboratory setting the S8 TIGER Series 2 WDXRF units are used by many refineries.

Smaller refineries and for regions where regulatory compliance for sulfur and ultra-low sulfur can be done with EDXRF (e.g. ISO 13032, ASTM D7220 and D4294) BRUKER offers the S2 POLAR with factory calibrated solutions.

IMO 2020 Low Sulfur in Fuel Regulations

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) carriage ban on non-compliant fuel oil went into effect on March 1, 2020. Quickly and accurately measure sulfur in marine fuels to ensure bunker fuels meet regulations in Emission Control Areas and other restricted locations. This method follows ASTM D4294 higher concentration range of 0.1 to 5.0% Sulfur in Fuel and ISO 8754:2003. Suppliers, engineers, ship captains and inspectors can use our portable XRF Sulfur Measurement solutions at service labs, supply stations, on docks, in ports, and even aboard barges and ships. 

Bruker’s CTX portable XRF system provides a reliable and inexpensive verification of sulfur in fuel onboard or at the terminal. 

TD-NMR

TD-NMR Hydrocarbon Analysis

Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR), also called Low Resolution NMR, is an affordable NMR solution for petroleum and processes analysis. Magnetic field relaxation times can be used to determine physical and chemical properties, including: 

Crude Oil Analyses

  • Viscosity
  • Droplet size distribution (oil-in-water, water-in-oil)
  • Hydrogen content

Distillation Monitoring

  • % Hydrogen in seconds (ASTM techniques)
  • Automated hydro-cracking process control

Oil Sand Separation

  • Real-time monitoring of bitumen, water, solvents in separation samples
  • Sample size: few mg to 1000g
  • No sample preparation necessary
  • Color, opacity does not affect measurement
  • Simple and short calibration procedure

NMR

NMR for Fuel Analysis

NMR has found application in the fuel industry since its inception as a commercial product, and the fuel additives field has since become a heavily studied area of the industry. Often, fuel companies will carry out this research themselves and use NMR to acquire detailed information on the chemical makeup of raw petroleum.

関連製品

Products for Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

CTX BenchTop / CounterTop XRF spectrometer.

CTX BenchTop XRF spectrometer.

Portable BenchTop XRF ideal for quick analysis of small or prepared samples: only 14 cm wide, light-weight (<7 kg), safety-interlocked, interactive touchscreen, and battery operated.
G4 ICARUS Series 2

G4 ICARUS Series 2

The combustion analyzer G4 ICARUS Series 2 with HF induction furnace and HighSenseTM detection is the ideal instrument for the rapid and precise carbon and sulfur determination in solids, especially metals and their alloys as well as other inorganic materials like ores, cements, minerals, ceramics, etc.
MATRIX-FオンラインFT-NIR分光計

MATRIX-FオンラインFT-NIR分光計

プロセスのより良い理解と制御のための原子炉およびパイプラインの直接測定のためのオンラインFT-NIR分光計
MPA II - FT-NIR多目的アナライザ

MPA II - FT-NIR多目的アナライザ

液体・固体・粉体・錠剤・カプセルなど、様々な試料の測定を1台でこなす、新次元の近赤外分光計
S2 PUMA Series 2

S2 PUMA

炭素 (C) からアメリシウム (Am) までの多元素分析により、生産ラインにおける品質管理や研究所での幅広いアプリケーションに対応します。S2 PUMAは独自のHighSense検出器を備え、研究開発における高度な分析にも応用可能です。
S6 JAGUAR

S6 JAGUAR

優れた分析性能を発揮する最先端の技術を搭載したコンパクトサイズのWDX装置
S8 TIGER Series 2

S8 TIGER Series 2

産業分野と研究機関での高度な元素分析に適応可能な、最も汎用性の高い装置
TANGO - フーリエ変換近赤外分光計

TANGO - フーリエ変換近赤外分光計

実績のある技術は、使いやすいタッチスクリーン操作と小さなフットプリントとを組み合わせ、限られたスペースでの設置にも最適です。
サイマックス

scimaX

2xR MRMSテクノロジーを搭載したscimaXで、諦めていた領域に手が届きます。
ソラリX

solariX

12T / 15Tの高磁場MRMS分析のプラットフォーム - ペトロリオミクスや溶解有機材料などの極めて複雑な混合分析に役立ちます。
mq-one

minispec mq one

mq-oneは、minispec mqシリーズのTD-NMRシステムの中で最も新しく、minispec mqシリーズを産業界のルーチン業務用に特化した製品です。R&D100の受賞歴のあるmqシリーズは、幅広いアプリケーションをカバーし、NMRによるルーチンの品質管理、研究開発のどちらにも活用できる汎用性があります。
mq20

minispec mq シリーズ

minispec mq シリーズは、現在最も幅広い測定周波数を網羅しており、大きい形状のサンプル向けの7.5 MHzから、10, 20, 40 MHz、そして他にはない60 MHzの周波数で測定が可能な mq60まで揃えています。
minispec_lf_Series

minispec LF シリーズ

マウス、ラットの体組成分析

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