Oil and Gas: Midstream and Downstream

Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

Oil refining and raw natural gas processing has increasingly strict requirements for process and quality control. Bruker is dedicated to providing analytical solutions that thrive in the petrochemical industries’ rigorous operating environments that imposes unique analytical requirements.

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Petrochemical Product Analysis

Refinery and cracker operations have become more complex with tighter margins, requiring a renewed focus on process control, feedstock analysis, and product quality control. Advanced analysis of the composition of petroleum enables operators to optimize refinery operations more profitably. Additionally, expanding regulatory controls on fuels require reliable and easy to use routine analysis. Bruker is committed to the downstream and petrochemical segment, with dedicated solutions and expertise in implementing new or improved workflows. Bruker provides go to solutionsWe are your partner in petrochemical product analysis and process control solutions.

FT-NIR

FT-NIR in Fuel & Analysis

Gasoline, Diesel and Jet fuels require extensive testing in the laboratory for process optimization, blend optimization and efficiency and to reduce the instance of octane giveaway. Previously, this required many independent tests including simulated distillation, GC and Knock Engine Testing. New advances in Fourier Transform Near Infrared spectroscopy now mean that multiple chemical and& physical properties can be derived from one sample/one spectrum in seconds. Properties include:

  • RON, MON, PON
  • RVP, T5, T10, T50, T90, T95, IBP, FBP
  • Benzene, Aromatics, Olefins, Saturates

Bruker has developed unique solutions for the refinery fuels laboratories which includes calibrations developed using many thousands of fuel samples.

Molecular Classification

Petroleomics: The Molecular Classification of Petroleum

A detailed knowledge of the exact chemical composition of crude oil and crude oil fractions is in high demand within the oil industry. Crude oils with similar or even identical bulk chemical properties can behave completely different. Examples include reacting differently in the refinery processes, where specific compounds and compound classes can cause catalytic deactivation.

Flow assurance interests are with polar compounds in crude oil containing hetero atoms such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen having a high contribution in deposition and clogging of pipelines. Even in oil exploration, the exact chemical class information can be useful for reservoir connectivity studies. 

Therefore, detailed information on relative abundances of those problematic compound classes is of major interest.

The relative abundance of compound classes, as well as detailed core structural information of classes based on ring and double bond equivalents can be derived by ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry.

Crude oils can be analyzed without any sample purification within minutes using different ionization methods (APPI, ESI, LDI). Mass spectrometric data are then processed using advanced software solutions (PetroOrg/Composer).

Elemental Classification

Explore XRF Solutions for Petrochemical Standards

Elemental analysis is a crucial process control tool for the refining process: XRF is employed as a technique to quantify sulfur from the crude oil to the liquid streams and in the refined products as well as to quantify Ni, Fe and V in crude oils.: Since XRF can analyze the sample directly without digestion or dilution it is the technique that is widely employed as process tool.: Sulfur levels in fuels are regulated, compliance analysis can be performed with XRF by applying ASTM, ISO or other national norms such as ASTM D2622. Residual fuel oils as well as solid petcoke can be analyzed as well directly.

For the lowest detection limits, as well as for testing P, Pb , S,Ni,V and many more elements in a laboratory setting the S8 TIGER Series 2 WDXRF units are used by many refineries.

Smaller refineries and for regions where regulatory compliance for sulfur and ultra-low sulfur can be done with EDXRF (e.g. ISO 13032, ASTM D7220 and D4294) BRUKER offers the S2 POLAR with factory calibrated solutions.

IMO 2020 Low Sulfur in Fuel Regulations

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) carriage ban on non-compliant fuel oil went into effect on March 1, 2020. Quickly and accurately measure sulfur in marine fuels to ensure bunker fuels meet regulations in Emission Control Areas and other restricted locations. This method follows ASTM D4294 higher concentration range of 0.1 to 5.0% Sulfur in Fuel and ISO 8754:2003. Suppliers, engineers, ship captains and inspectors can use our portable XRF Sulfur Measurement solutions at service labs, supply stations, on docks, in ports, and even aboard barges and ships. 

Bruker’s CTX portable XRF system provides a reliable and inexpensive verification of sulfur in fuel onboard or at the terminal. 

TD-NMR

TD-NMR Hydrocarbon Analysis

Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR), also called Low Resolution NMR, is an affordable NMR solution for petroleum and processes analysis. Magnetic field relaxation times can be used to determine physical and chemical properties, including: 

Crude Oil Analyses

  • Viscosity
  • Droplet size distribution (oil-in-water, water-in-oil)
  • Hydrogen content

Distillation Monitoring

  • % Hydrogen in seconds (ASTM techniques)
  • Automated hydro-cracking process control

Oil Sand Separation

  • Real-time monitoring of bitumen, water, solvents in separation samples
  • Sample size: few mg to 1000g
  • No sample preparation necessary
  • Color, opacity does not affect measurement
  • Simple and short calibration procedure

NMR

NMR for Fuel Analysis

NMR has found application in the fuel industry since its inception as a commercial product, and the fuel additives field has since become a heavily studied area of the industry. Often, fuel companies will carry out this research themselves and use NMR to acquire detailed information on the chemical makeup of raw petroleum.

Related Products

Products for Petroleum Process and Product Analysis

CTX Benchtop / Desktop XRF

CTX BenchTop XRF spectrometer.

Portable BenchTop XRF ideal for quick analysis of small or prepared samples: only 14 cm wide, light-weight (<7 kg), safety-interlocked, interactive touchscreen, and battery operated.
G4 ICARUS Series 2

G4 ICARUS 第二代

G4-ICARUS第二代燃烧分析仪配有高频感应炉和HighSense™检测,是快速、精确测定固体物中碳、硫的理想仪器,特别是金属及其合金以及其他无机材料,如矿石、水泥、矿物、陶瓷等。
MATRIX-F

MATRIX-F - 在线傅立叶变换近红外光谱仪

用于直接测量反应堆和管道的在线 FT-NIR 光谱仪,以便更好地了解和控制过程
MPA II Multi Purpose Analyzer FT-NIR Spectrometer

MPA II - 近红外多用途分析仪

强大的分析工具,可用于开发复杂的校准方法,满足您的实验室或流程需求,也易用于日常品控分析任务。
S2 PUMA Series 2

S2 PUMA

适合在过程控制现场或中心实验室,分析各种样品中碳(C)到镅(Am)之间元素的含量。凭借独特的HighSense探测器,分析研发部门的复杂样品也不在话下。
S6 美洲虎

S6 JAGUAR

外形紧凑,技术先进,出色的元素分析性能。
S8 老虎系列 2

S8 TIGER Series 2

满足工业和研究领域各种元素分析需求,多功能的分析工具。

TANGO - 傅立叶变换近红外光谱仪

久经考验的技术与易于使用的触摸屏操作和小占地面积相结合,非常适合空间有限的实验室。
scimaX®

scimaX®

scimaX® 采用 2xR MRMS 技术,使难以实现的目标触手可及。
solariX

solariX

高场 MRMS 的主力平台工作在 12T 或 15T - 可用于超复杂的混合物分析,如汽油和溶解的有机材料。

minispec mq-one

mq-one 是布鲁克TD-NMR系统中minispec mq 系列的最新成员。屡获殊荣的mq 系列涵盖广泛的应用,并为常规NMR 质量控制和研发提供了扩展能力。mq-one 推进TD-NMR mq 系列产品线进一步进入常规工业应用领域。

minispec mq 系列

minispec mq 系列提供当今已知的最全面的测量频率范围,从大直径样品的 7.5 MHz 到 10 MHz、20 MHz 和 40 MHz,到具有 60 MHz 工作频率的无与伦比的 mq60。

minispec LF 系列

老鼠的身体组成分析