What is an X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer?
An x-ray fluorescence spectrometer is an analytical chemistry instrument that determines each element present in a sample, as well as the quantity the elements present when applicable. A unique feature of x-ray fluorescence spectrometers is that the energy-dispersive type can be used non-destructively, making them appropriate for samples that need to be preserved or cannot be altered.
Bruker’s handheld x-ray fluorescence spectrometers offer several key benefits to the novice and advanced user:
How X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometers Work
X-ray fluorescence spectrometry works by emitting an X-ray photon beam that is incident upon the atoms of the sample being analyzed. The interaction of the primary X-ray beam with the sample’s atoms excites the sample’s atoms’ electrons, causing some electrons to be knocked out of their orbits; this leaves a vacancy and causes a temporary state of instability in the atom. In order to correct this instability, electrons from higher energy orbits replace the displaced electrons. An energy that is specific to atoms of each element is released when the higher energy electrons replace the ones displaced by the primary X-ray beam. The emission of unique energies by atoms of various elements allows an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer to determine which elements are present in any given sample; the number of energies of each type detected provides quantitative information. For more detailed information regarding how x-ray fluorescence spectrometers work, see out step-by-step guide to how XRF works.
Bruker XRF devices boast a variety of industrial, research, and regulatory compliance applications, including: